The flora and fauna of the Bahamas is characterized in particular by large species richness on plants, birds and fishes. In addition, there are also some interesting reptiles, and even snakes, but hardly any native mammals. Due to climate vegetation differs at the northern and the south-eastern Bahamas. In the north, and specifically on Grand Bahama, Andros and the Abacos, the Caribbean Pine dominates the landscape, whereas in the dry southeast mostly low bushes can be found.
The waters of the Bahamas are full of an incredible diversity of coral and fish. Not included in this category are marine mammals like the dolphins and whales. The latter is rarely encountered by one, but in some places dolphins cavort in larger numbers. The shallow Caribbean coral finds optimal living conditions: optimum salinity, temperatures over 20 Â°C and in the calm waters of the world's second largest barrier reef, at the east coast of Andros, or numerous smaller reefs and coral reefs they grow in colourful beauty. The sponges are not that colourful, but they formed the economic basis for the survival of many residents of the Family Islands for a long time.
Around the reefs, there is a big fish wealth. But not all of them are to find on the menu cards of restaurants like the grouper. Parrot fish or King Pushers e.g. bribe by a colourful exterior, but are no food fishes. Larger representatives of the fish world, like barracudas, stingrays, or rather shy moray eels, are not faceable very often, whereas sharks in large numbers are a target of many diving programs. There is large species richness and you can find everything from smaller Citron Shark to giant hammerhead. The larger species usually live in deeper waters.