One of the most popular tourist destinations of the Atlantic are the Bahamas. Their coordinates define an area between 20 and 27 north latitude and the 72nd and 79 west longitude. So the Bahamas, which are curved to the north of Cuba and the Florida coast, have a total area of about 250,000 sq. km. Only 13,949 square kilometers of the land are walk able. It is spitted into more than 700 islands, but is inhabited only on 30 islands.
Because of the most area is below sea level, around the island you can find flat water mainly, caused by sand banks as well as coral reefs. The few existing deep-water divide some island groups and benches to each other., For example, the Northwest Providence Channel divides the Small and the Great Bahama Bank, the Tongue of the Ocean, however, separates the southeast of the northwestern Bahamas and the group described as Andres Group, and on their Coast you can find the world's second largest barrier reef.
The assumptions of scientists tell that the Bahamas arised at about 200 million years ago, when the huge, ancient continent Pangaea broke off and different continents such as Europe, Africa and America got formed. The resulting cracks between the plates got filled with water and are today, for example, the Atlantic or Indian Ocean. According to opinions of scientists the Bahamas emerged on a piece of the American plate. Investigation holes down to a record depth of 5,767 m showed an identical structure to today's island soil structure. In addition, on the drillings, different coinage of sandstone, which arise in level bodies of water, were found, what proves that the splinter on which the island group has been based moved separately to the American plate.
The vegetation of the island group bases on a thin layer of humus and the subtropical climate is adapted (see flora and fauna). The northern islands of Andros, Grand Bahama Island, Abacos and parts of New Providence are distinguished by the presence of pine and pine forests in comparison to the remaining islands, where the vegetation mainly presents bushes. The largest part of the area, where the agricultural use should be, is not cultivated because of the past extensive agricultural use. The humus layer is too thin and often the infrastructure for the transport of the products does not work.
The climate is formed by trade winds and the Gulf Stream, and is characterized by a relatively large constancy of temperatures between 22 and 28 Â°C, same as the water temperatures that are around 25 Â°C. Most precipitation falls on the northwestern islands. Because the land is never far from the coast, you always benefit from a slight breeze. From June through November there is hurricane season, and the breeze can be a dangerous storm.
The coastal lines are mainly dominated by ocean currents and waves. Especially impressive is the coast of Eleuthera, where the rough Atlantic and the high ocean waves broke clifty through the coast line and long and sandy beaches were eroded at the back side of the island. At Eleutheras coast, the sea ground level falls within a few kilometres down to a Depth of 6,100 meters, meanwhile on the west coast of Bahamas a depth of 10m is reached at a distance of a few kilometres.